Dictionary of the most frequently used organ stops


This dictionary is not as exhaustive as I would like it to be, but it is all that I was able to find in my research. In organ building frequently foreign stop names are used (e.g. to indicate that a stop is intonated according to the way it is typically done in that specific country), so if you find a gap the stop will usually have the same name in German / English / French.

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Principals
Prinzipal Principal, Diapason, Open Diapason Principal Principaal, Prestant Principal Principal Principale Flautado, Flautat, Principal Principál Pryncypal
Praestant, Prästant Montre, Prestant Prestant Préstant
Oktave, Octave Octave Octave Octaaf Octav, Oktav Octava Ottava Octava Oktáva Oktawa
Superoktave Doublette Superoctaaf Superottava Quincena Superoktáva Superoktawa
Oktävlein Petite Octave XXII Vintidosena
Flötenoktave, Oktaveflöte Octavin Octavin Oktawflet
Choralbass Basse de Choral(e) Koraalbas Koralbas Koralbas Basso corale Coral Bajo, Coral Baix Chorálbass Choralbas
Flötenprinzipal, Prinzipalflöte Principal Flute Principal Flûte Flautado Principal Principál flétnovŭ Pryncypal fletowa
Holzprinzipal Open Wood Principal en bois Principál drevìnŭ, Principál drevenŭ Pryncypal drewniany
Geigenprinzipal Geigen Principal étroit Vioolprincipaal, Vioolprestant Violinprincipal Violinprincipal Principale violino Principál houslovŭ Prynzypal skrzypcowy
Schwegel, Schwiegel Geigen Principal étroit Svegel Principál houslovŭ, Švígel Prynzypal skrzypcowy
Hornprinzipal Horn Diapason Hoornprincipaal Principál rohovŭ Hornpryncypal
Italienischer Prinzipal Italian Principal Italiensk Principal Principál italskŭ Pryncypal wloski
Kontrabass Contrebasse Contrabas Contrabbasso Contras, Contrabaix Kontrabas

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Flutes and stopped stops
Flöte Flute Flûte Fluit Flĝjte Flĝjt Flauto, Flauta Flaut(a) Flétna, Flauta Flet
Offenflöte Open Flute Flûte ouverte Openfluit Flauto aperto Flet otvorená Flet otwarty
Harmonieflöte Harmonic Flute Flûte harmonique Fluit harmoniek Flauto armonico Flauta armónica Flétna harmonická Flet harmoniczny
Traversflöte, Querflöte Travers Flute Flûte traversière Dwarsfluit Tvĉrflĝjte, Trĉflĝjte Traversflĝjt Flauto traverso Flauta traversa, Flauta travessera Flétna prícná, Flétna traversa Trawers flet, Flet poprzeczny
Hohlflöte, Hohlpfeife Hohl Flute Flûte creuse Holpijp Hulflĝjte Hċlflĝjt Flétna dutá Holflet
Jubalflöte
Portunalflöte Flûte triangulaire Portunaal-(fluit) Flauto triangolare Portunál Portunal
Clarabella, Suavial Claribel Flute, Suave Flute, Suabe Flute
Holzflöte Tibia Flétna drevìná Flet drewniany
Doppelflöte Double Flute Dubbelflĝjt Flauto doppio Flet podwójny
Weitflöte Wijtfluit Flet tegi, Flet široká Flet szeroki
Orchesterflöte Orchestral Flute Flauto orchestrale
Konzertflöte Concert Flute Flauta de concierto Flétna koncertní Flet koncertowy
Spillflöte, Spillpfeife Flétna vretenová
Spielflöte Spindle Flute Speelfluit
Spitzflöte Spire Flute Flûte à fuseau, Flûte conique Spitsfluit Spidsflĝjte Spetsflĝjt Flauto cuspido, Flauto a cuspide Flauta cònica Flétna špicatá Flet szpiczasty, Szpicflet
Rohrflöte Chimney Flute Flûte à cheminée Roerfluit Rĝrflĝjte Rĝrflĝjt Flauto (a) camino, Flauto a caminetto Flautado de chiminea Flétna trubicová Flet rurkowy, Rurflet
Koppelflöte Koppelfluit Kobbelflĝjte Koppelflĝjt Flétna kopulová Koppelflet
Trichterflöte Tapered Flute Flauto conico Flet stozkowy
Blockflöte Recorder Flûte à bec Blokfluit Blokflĝjte Blockflĝjt Flétna zobcová Blokflet
Waldflöte, Feldflöte Woudfluit Waldflĝjt Silvestre Silvestre Flétna lesní Flet lesny
Meerflöte Flet morski
Wienerflöte Wienerflĝjte Flétna vídenská
Zartflöte, Sanftflöte Zachtfluit Flauto amabile Flétna jemná Flet lagodny
Liebliche Flöte Fluit douce, Floit dous Flauto dolce Flauta dulce Flet slad'ounká
Bell Flute, Bell Diapason Flûte à pavillon
Fife Flautino Flautino Flautino
Flachflöte Flagfluit, Vlakfluit Flagflĝjt Flétna plochá Flet plaski
Flageolett Flageolet Flageolet Flagioletto Flabiolets Flageolet Flazolet
Piccolo Piccolo Piccolo Picola
Okarina Okaryna
Sifflöte Sifflet, Fifre Siffluit Sivflĝjte Sifflĝjt, Sivlĝjt Chiflete Siffléta Sifflet
Piffaro Fiffaro
Bartpfeife Baar(d)pijp
Glockenton, Glöckleinton Dzwony, Dzwonki
Nachthorn Cor de nuit Nachthoorn Nathorn Corno (di) notte Corn(o) de nit, Corno de noche Roh nocní Róg nocny
Dolkan
Coppel, Copula Copula, Kopula Copula
Gedackt, Gedeckt Stopped Diapason Bourdon Gedekt Gedakt Geda(c)kt Bordone Tapadet, Tapado Kryt Kryt
Bordun Bourdon Bourdon Bourdon Bordun Borduna Bordone Bordò Burdon Burdon
Holzgedackt, Holzgedeckt, Holzbordun Stopped Wood Bourdon en bois Kryt drevìnŭ, Kryt drevenŭ Kryt drewniany
Rohrgedackt Bourdon à cheminée Roergedekt Rĝrgedakt Rĝrgeda(c)kt Kryt trubicovŭ
Spitzgedackt Bourdon conique Spitsgedekt Spidsgedakt Spetsda(c)kt
Grobgedackt Kret hrubŭ
Lieblich Gedackt Bourdon doux Bordone amabile Kryt líbeznŭ
Zartgedackt Bourdon doux Kryt jemnŭ
Stillgedackt Echo Bourdon Bordone d'eco Kryt tichŭ
Gedacktflöte Stopped Flute, Nason Flute, Tibia clausa Flûte couverte Gedekt(e) fluit Gedaktflĝjte Geda(c)kt(s)flĝjt Flauto stoppo, Flauto tappato Flautat tapat, Flautado tapado Flétna krytŭ Flet kryty
Pommer
Gedacktpommer Gedaktpommer Pommer krytŭ
Subbass Sub Bass Soubasse Subbas Subbas Subbas Subbasso Subbajo, Subbaix, Subbaxua Subbas Subbas
Untersatz, Majorbass Major Bass Majorbas Profondo Contres mayor(s), Contras Podstav Majorbas
Zartbass, Sanftbass Zachtbas
Offenbass Open Metal / Open Wood / Open Bass Basse Ouvert Open Bas Öppen Subbas Contres mayor(s), Contras Bas otevrenŭ Bas otwarty

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Strings
Violon Violone Violon Violone Violone Violón
Violoncello, Cello Violoncelle, Cello Cello Violoncello Violoncell(o) Violoncello Violoncello Cello
Gamba, Viola da Gamba, Viola di Gamba Gambe, Viole de Gambe Viool di Gamba Gamba Gamba
Viola, Violine Viol Viole Viola Viola Violino Viola, Violino Viola
(Liebesgeige) Erzähler Viola d'amour Viola d'amore
(Orchestervioline) Orchestral Viol(in) Viole d'orchestre Orchestral Viola Viola orchestrale
Violflöte Violflet
Spitzgamba, Spitzgamba Cone Gamba Gambe conique Spidsgamba Spetsgamba Gamba špicatá Gamba spicz.
Salizional, Salicional Salicionaal, Salicional Salicionale Salizionala Salicionál Salicjona
Salizet, Salicet Salicet
Harmonika, Harmonica Armonica
Aeoline, Äoline Eolienne Aeolin Eolina Aeolina, Harfa aeolova Aeolina
Dulciana Dulcjana
Dolce
Fugara
Physharmonika Fisarmonica Fisharmonia
Vox coelestis, Vox caelestis, Vox angelica Voix céleste Vox celeste Vox celeste Celeste Voce celeste Voz celeste Vox coelestis Vox coelestis
Unda maris, Schwebung Celeste Céleste Zweving Voce umana, Voce flebile Onda marina Chvení houslové, Chvìní houslové
Gemshorn Gemshoorn Corno camoscio Corno gama Roh kamzíkovŭ, Roh kamzici Kozi róg, Róg kozi
Quintade, Quintadena, Quintatön Quintaton Quintadeen, Kwintadeen, Quintadena Quintatĝn Kvintadena Kvintadena, Kvintaton Kwintadena, Kwintaton

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Colorful Mixtures
Kornett, Cornett Cornet Cornet Cornetto Corneta, Tolosana Kornet, Cornet Kornet
Kornettino Cornettino Kornetino
Sesquialter(a) Sesquialtera Sexquialter, Sesquialter Sesquiáltera Seskvialter(a)
Terzian, Tertian Tertiaan Terzerilla, Tercerola Tercián Tercjan
Quartan Quartane Quartian Quarta Kwartan
Carillon Carillon Campanella Dzwony
Basszink, Bassaliqout Harmonics Théorbe Baszink Thiorba Nazardos Bas šumivŭ
Aliquot Alikvot Nazardos Alikwoty

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Mixturese
Mixtur Mixture Fourniture Mixtuur Ripieno, Pieno, Mistura Lleno, Plé, Plens Mixtura Mixtura, Mikstura
(Groß-) Mixtur Chorus Mixture Plein Jeu Vulwerk Compuestas Franc. mixtura
Scharf, Scharff Sharp (Plein Jeu) Scherp Alemanya Szarf
Cymbel, Zimbel, Cimbel Cymbale Cymbaal Cymbel Cimbalo Címbala, Txilina Cymbál Cymbalki
Terzcymbel Jeu de Clochette Terscymbel
Acuta Akuta Acuta
Rauschpfeife Rauschquint Ruispijp Rauschquint Rauschpipa, Rauschkvint Pištalá šumivá
Hintersatz Mixtura basová
String Mixture Coro Viole, Concerto Viole
Harmonica aetherea, Harmonika aetheria Harmonic Aetheria Harmonica aetherea Armonia Eterea Harmonica aetherea
Progressiv-Harmonika Progressio harmonica, Progresse Progressia harmoniczna

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Aliquots
Quinte Quint Quinte Kwint, Quint Quint Quinta, Kvint(a) Quinta, Duodecima Quinta, Docena Kvinta Kwinta
Terz Tierce Tierce Terts Terts Ters Terza, Decimino Tercia Tercie Tercja
Septime Septième Septima Septima Settima Septima Septima, Septyma
None None Nona Nona
Nasat Nasard Nazard, Nasard Nasard Nasat Nasardo, Nazardo Docena, Nazardoa Nasard, Nasát Nasard
Quintflöte Larigot Quintfluit Flétna kvintová Quintflet
Spitzquinte Quinte conique Spetsquint Kvinta špicatá Kwinta spicz.
Gemsquinte Gemskwinta
Rohrquinte Roerquint Rĝrkvint Rurkwinta
Terzflöte Tertsfluit Terzflet

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Full and half length Reeds
Tuba Tuba Tuba
Spanische Trompete, Horizontal-Trompete Horizontal Trumpet, Herald Trumpet, Military Trumpet, Royal Trumpet, Millenial Trumpet Trompette en chamade, Chamade Spaanse Trompet, Trompet horizontaal Tromba orrizontale, Fanfara Trompeta real, Trompeta batalla, Trompeta magna, Trompeta imperial Trubka španelská, Horizontální trubka Trabka hiszpanska, Trabka horyzontalna
Double Trumpet Trompeta velká
Trompete Trumpet Trompette Trompet Trompet Trumpet Tromba Trompeta, Trubka Trabka, Trompet
Feldtrompete, Helltrompete Trúbka jasná Trompet jasny
Harmonic Trumpet Trompette harmonique Trompet harmoniek Tromba armonica Trompeta armonica Trompeta harmonická Trabka harmoniczna, Trompet harmoniczny
Klarine Clarion Clairon Klaroen Clarino Clarino, Trombina, Chiarina Clarin(s), Clarina Klarina
Harmonic Clarion Clairon harmonique Klaroen harmoniek
Posaune Trombone Bazuin Basun Basun Pozoun, Posona Puzon
Bombarde, Bombardon Bombarde, Bombardon Bombarde Bombarda, Bombarde Bombarda Bombarda Bombarda Bombard
Ophicleide Ophicléide
Englischhorn English Horn Cor anglais Engelse Hoorn Corno inglese Roh anglickŭ Róg ang.
French Horn Corno francese Roh francouzskŭ
Hunting Horn
Posthorn Post Horn Róg pocztowy
Cornopean
Bassetthorn Basset Horn Cor de Bassett Bashoorn Corno di Bassetto
Flügelhorn Flügel Horn
Waldhorn Roh lesnŭ Róg lesny
Horn Horn Cor Hoorn Corno Corno Róg, Rozek
Fagott Bassoon Basson Fagot Fagot Fagotto Baixons, Fagot Fagot Fagot
Spanisch Fagott / Oboe Bajoncillo
Oboe Hautboy Hautbois Hobo Obo Oboè, Oboea Hoboj, Hoboy Obój
Orchesteroboe Orchestral Oboe Hautbois d'orchestre Oboe Orchestrale
Klarinette, Clarinette Clarinet Clarinette Clarinet Clarinetto Clarinete Klarinet Klarnet
Trompetenschalmei Trompetová šalmaj
Schalmei Shawm Chalumeau Schalmei Skalmeje Skalmeja Šalmaj Szalamaja
Rohrschalmei Rĝrskalmeja Šalmaj trubicová
Zin(c)k, Cornett, Kornett Cornet Zink, Cink Zinka Cornetto
Euphon Euphone, Baryton Euphone, Baryton Baryton Eufon Eufonio, Baritono

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Short length Reeds
Dulzian, Dulcian Douçaine Dulciaan, Dolceaan Dulcian Dulcian Dolciano, Dulciana Dultzaina, Dolçaina Dulcián Dulcjan
Krummhorn Cremona Cromorne Kromhoorn Krumhorn Krumhorn Cromorno Kromorna Roh zakrivenŭ, Roh krivŭ Róg krzywy
Musette Musette Musetta
Vox humana Voix humaine Vox humana Vox humana Vox humana Voce umana Voz humana
Bärpfeife Cornamusa Niedzwiedz
Rankett Ranquette
Sordun Sordun Sorduna, Sordone
Regal Regaal Regalies, Regalía Regál Regal
Geigenregal Regal skrzypcowy
Spanisch Regal, Horizontal-Regal Orlos
Trichterregal Trumpet Regal Trechterregal
Regal-Schalmei Šalmaj regálová

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Stop Name Additions
Kontra... Contra... Contre... Contra... Kontra... Kontra... Kontra...
Bass... ...Bass ...de Basse Bas..., ...bas Bas... ...bajo (...baix) ... basová ...Bas
Super... Super... Super... Super... Super... Super... Super... Super... Super...
Doppel... Double... ... double Dubbel... Dubbel... ... doppio Podwójny /-na /-ne
Gedackt... Stopped... Gedekt..., ...gedekt Gedakt... Geda(c)kt... ... stoppo, ...tappato ... tapado kryt
Spitz... ... conique Spits... Spids... Spets... ...cuspido, ...cuspide ... cònica špicatá Szpic...
Trichter...
Stentor... Stenthorn... ...serafona, ...stentor
Echo... ...d'Echo Eko... ... di Eco
Zart... Zacht... jemnŭ
Klein... Petite... Klein... ...ino, ...ina ...illo malá maly, mala, male...
Groß... Groot... ... mayor velkŭ wielki(e), wielka...